Types of Firing

After you’ve completed your initial weapon training and passed the WHT, the goal is to hit your target accurately and consistently. Sounds easy doesn’t it? Try it for yourself and you’ll understand why practice makes perfect. As a cadet shooter you’ll be typically firing in one of four types of practice:

Grouping – You select a single point on the target and fire a number of rounds at it. The aim is for all rounds to form the smallest grouping size possible. This is excellent for concentrating and perfecting your technique. There’s no limit to how long you can take when firing.

Deliberate Fire – Firing at a target with marked scoring rings. Your score is marked depending on how near to the centre of the target you manage to hit. For this you use either a large, single target or a card, with 5 or 10 separate targets marked on it. When firing at a card with multiple targets, you aim to place one or two rounds on each of them. Take as long as you need – the goal is accuracy.

Rapid Fire – Just like it sounds, speed and safety are the most important things in rapid firing. Get the round within the target area, but within a time limit. For instance, you may need to fire 10 rounds in 40 seconds, a definite challenge with a No.8 rifle when you have to reload manually after each shot.

Snap – Now it gets more challenging. For this you have to get all rounds to fall within a target area, but, the targets only appear for a short time before vanishing again. You must hit it before it disappears. By the end of the practice the target may have appeared – for perhaps 5 seconds – and disappeared up to 5 times. Just to make it even more difficult, it’ll sometimes appear at random time intervals – so you can’t anticipate it!


Firstly, the No.8 bolt action rifle.

This is the weapon you’ll begin with. It’s a great all-rounder that started life as the Enfield No. 4 rifle, used as far back as World War II. Modified to have a shorter barrel and fire the .22 long rifle round, it no longer takes a box magazine holding 10 rounds – you feed in each round manually. It makes little noise, although ear defenders are always worn on the range, and is a great first step for your marksmanship skills.

‘Dry training’ is the first thing you’ll do – exploring the No.8 in detail and learning the commands and safety practices used on the range. Our instructors will ensure you feel safe and confident in handling the weapon and after you’ve successfully passed the Weapon Handling Test (WHT) you’ll be ready to progress to live firing based on site on our very own Squadron range.


Over 14? Then you can handle the L98A2 Cadet GP rifle (L98) – modified from the Enfield L85A2 which is currently used by active troops.

It is re-cocked by gas from the previous round fired. Rounds are contained in a magazine fitted to the rifle. It uses high velocity rounds which make a louder noise when fired. You have to go through initial weapon training and pass your WHTs. As you progress through the syllabus and gain skill and confidence, you will have the opportunity to fire on camps and simulated ranges.